Kairouan, Tunisia

It is the 4th most important Muslim city after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem, with the holy Mosque of Aqba situated in the center of the city. Kairouan is a UNESCO World Heritage site attracting a large number of international tourists. The Arabs around 670 founded the city in the period of Caliph Mu’awiya (reigned 661-680).

It became an important center for Sunni Islamic scholarship and Quranic learning. It is also a well-known place for the carpet production and for its pastries (e.g., zlebia and makroudh).